Categories
Story Bites

The story of “Katyusha”

One of the most famous music composers during the Great Patriotic War (the Russian term for the second World War), Matvei Isaakovich Blanter, was born and raised in the town of Pochep during the reign of the Russian Empire. His father was a Jewish craftsman, and his uncle, Solomon Mikhoels, was an actor, director, and co-founder of the Moscow State Jewish Theater.

Matvei studied the musical arts in Kursk and Moscow, including piano, violin, and composition. In his early career, Blanter was known for his light dance and jazz songs. After the rise of Stalin, however, his vocation took a turn. The cultural environment of Russia became more ideologically strict. The musician began to produce work that was used as propaganda for the Soviet Union. A perfect example of this is the song “Stalin is Our Battle-Glory.” He wrote other military songs during the period before WWII.

By far, the most famous piece he ever wrote was “Katyusha.” The folk song is both upbeat in its character as well as militaristic in nature. The song represents a woman named Katyusha, who yarns for the love of her life, serving on the Soviet border. The woman sends her song to the young soldier to remind him of his lover and help him protect the Motherland, while Katyusha will preserve the love and bond between them. It gained fame and popularity during WWII. It became an inspiration to participate in the war effort against Nazi Germany, especially after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of Soviet Russia. The song was played by female students from the Soviet Industrial school in Moscow, offering a farewell to soldiers going to the front against the Nazi regime. It became an international hit, played by many singers in many nations, including Italy, where it became a favorite of Italian partisans fighting against both German and Italian Fascists in Italy.

.

.

Photo – http://aaron-kreiswirth-f8fa.squarespace.com/blog/bfe7d491-ace3-4dae-bfcf-bab12a24ffe1

Categories
Story Bites

Dmitri Shostakovich from Saint Petersburg

The son of an engineer and grandson of a Polish revolutionary, Dmitri Shostakovich, was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia, with a musical talent noted by his mother, a pianist. Dimitri went to study the musical arts at the Petrograd Conservatory at 13 graduated when he was 19 years old.

.

Because of the nature of the political environment he lived in, the composer and pianist had a difficult career. Pravada, a newspaper owned and operated by the Communist Party in the Soviet Union, harshly criticized his work for the first time after Joseph Stalin himself attended to listen to one of his early works, known as Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District. Other artists were pressured to criticize his job even if they admired him. After his light ballet, The Limpid Stream, Dimitri feared that he might be arrested. He was instructed by the Chairman of the USSR State Committee on Culture to reject his “formalist errors” (which meant works of art that didn’t serve the political interests of the Communist Party). Because of the Soviet campaign against art that did not toe the line, Shostakovich’s income fell sharply. This repressive environment affected the work of the composer and got him in trouble during his later years.

.

However, his art shined and was backed by the Soviet government during World War II. His most famous work is the Seventh Symphony, which he composed while living under siege of German forces in his home city (named “Leningrad” at the time). The Soviet forces conducted offensive operations against the Germans to silence them during the Philharmonic Hall’s performance to lift the residents’ spirits from mass starvation and sickness and use it as a form of psychological warfare against German forces. The piece was played by hungry, sick, and tired musicians who were victims of a brutal siege. It displayed the peaceful life before the Nazi invasion, the horrors and pains of the war, and the heroism of Leningrad’s population in the face of brutality. The symphony was heard by some in the German army stationed at Leningrad and was touched by the music. It displayed a strong will that Leningrad’s people had when placed against the most hopeless situation humanity can experience.

.

.

Photo Credit: Tahir Salahov. Portrait Of Dmitri Shostakovich (1974-1976)