The years 1939 through 1945 were a period of heavy cultural and artistic influence between Russia and the United States. During WWII, many artists moved between the two countries, including famed composer Igor Stravinsky. Known for The Firebird and The Rite of Spring, which would have a marked influence on the American composer Aaron Copland, one of the most formative American composers of the 20th century, Stravinsky became a citizen of the United States in 1945.
Stravinsky initially sought to leave Russia during the political turmoil of 1917. Initially, he settled in Switzerland, later moving to France until the outbreak of WWII in 1939. Six years later, after the war, Stravinsky would become a citizen of the United States. Stravinsky was known to incorporate polyrhythmic structures and folk elements that were not common in the musical establishment of the time. His Rite of Spring drew heavily from Russian folk music, with the opening melody coming directly from an anthology of folk songs and the entirety of the composition drawing from what Stravinsky described as “some unconscious folk memory.”
The Rite of Spring along with Stravinsky’s other experiments with dissonance, polyrhythm, stress, and tonality helped to inspire an entire generation of composers. Aron Copland described Stravinsky as his “hero” and The Rite of Spring in particular as a masterpiece that created an entire era of composition featuring displaced accents and polytonal chords. Stravinsky would go on to compose serialist works in the 1950s which along with the 12 tone innovations of German composer Arnold Schoenberg, himself an expat to the United States during WWII, would go on to heavily influence American avant-guardists like John Cage, Robert Morris, and Morton Feldman.
Follow Lyrica Classic stories and tune in for events related to our virtual showing of Emmanuel Dubois’, an acclaimed American composer influenced by Copland, and his oratorio Requiem for the Fallen. Find out more at https://lyricaclassic.org/spread-new-music-to-the-world/
Photo – https://karsh.org/aaron-copland/